Effects of client-centered multimodal treatment on impairment, function, and satisfaction of people with thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis.
J Hand Ther. 2017 Apr 25;:
Authors: Shankland B, Beaton D, Ahmed S, Nedelec B
STUDY DESIGN: Prepost design.
INTRODUCTION: Previous research regarding the non-surgical treatment of thumb carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis has been based on protocol driven research designs that primarily examined impairment level changes. Exploration is therefore needed to determine the benefits of individually prescribed orthoses, joint protection and assistive device education programs that are based on the activities the person needs to regularly perform.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The primary objective of this study was to examine the effect of client-centered multimodal treatment on activity, participation, impairment, and satisfaction of people with thumb carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis.
METHODS: A total of 60 participants completed the study that used a prepost design. The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) was used to identify the participants‘ performance and satisfaction concerning their self-identified occupational performance issues. Additional outcome measures that were used included the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire, total active range of motion (TAROM), lateral pinch strength, and the visual analog scale for pain. All participants completed a client-centered 6-week program that consisted of the use of an orthosis, joint protection, and assistive device education as well as exercises.
RESULTS: At 6 weeks after initiation of treatment, pain, pinch strength, TAROM, the DASH questionnaire and the performance and satisfaction scales of the COPM had significantly improved. The changes in pain, TAROM, and the performance and satisfaction scales of the COPM were all greater than the minimal clinically important difference. The changes in pain and lateral pinch strength were significantly associated with changes in activity and participation.
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that a multimodal, client-centered treatment approach resulted in statistically and clinically significant improvement in pain, TAROM and performance and satisfaction as measured by the COPM. The improvement in pain was associated with the participants‘ improved ability to engage in activities assessed by the DASH.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the use of client-centered treatment strategies that are targeted to control pain during meaningful activity when working with patients with thumb carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis therapists.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.
PMID: 28454772 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]